Friday, March 11, 2011

Binary Mechanics Simulator Updated

Updated: May 24, 2011
A new version of the binary mechanics (BM)[1] simulation software -- HotSpot 1.26 -- has been released and is available as a free download here. New features will be summarized, along with comments on data shown in this screen-shot:
Fig. 1: 40x40x40 Default Experiment

New Features in HotSpot 1.26
1. The order of the non-commuting bit operations is now VUSF, shown in the upper-right of Fig. 1, which is vector (V), unconditional (U), scalar (S) and strong (F). This may be the physically correct order.

2. A Particle option (P key) was added (default is ON) where eight lepton and quark spot counts (e-L, dbR, dwR, drR, etc, shown in reverse video blue) require 2 or more mites, to define a "particle threshold". For baryons (EdR and EdL; purple), with Particle ON, each count requires all three corresponding R or L quarks to meet or exceed the 2-mite per spot criterion.
In future simulator versions, the dwR and dwL counts will be dgR and dgL, since the quark color designation was changed from white (w) to green (g), probably to make physics 101 textbooks more colorful.
3. Several values have been added. The I count is inertia. %M is percent of absolute maximum density where each spot can hold no more than 6 bits. %M is therefore always greater than the other density values based on bits per spatial volume, since 2 sub-cubes are void in each 2x2x2 spot. KE is the sum of mite motion counts S and V. The standard deviations in each dimension are also displayed (sd1, sd2 and sd3). Qs is the net count of mite signs (related to 1/3 electrostatic charge) and Q is the running average of Qs over the number of simulator Ticks specified by the cycle parameter (default = 21, which is the central baryon bit cycle time).

4. To avoid manual keyboard input, the initial state may be loaded from a file. The "ini" sub-directory in the download contains some samples of such files. Input files are created automatically after initialization in each program run, so the same initial state and parameters can be reloaded later. In the case of random bit distributions in the initial state, this feature is useful to repeat experiments with different conditions starting from the same initial state.

5. If the initial state is defined by keyboard inputs, a file is created in the "ini" sub-directory so this manual input will not be required again. These files are named "inixxxxx.mat" where xxxxx is a hex time-stamp, and may be renamed to more intuitive names, as may be seen in the sample "ini" files in the download.

In summary, the initial state is set (1) by an existing "ini" file or (2) by manual input which is saved as a new "ini" file for future use by the program.

6. After a solid rectangular volume is initialized with manual keyboard inputs as in the previous version, a new prompt is added -- "More (Y,N)?". If yes, the program will recycle to allow initialization of another volume (which may overlap the previous one), thus allowing easy setup of more complex initial states. When complete, just hit "Enter" (for No) at the "More" prompt.

7. An Excel-compatible, tick-by-tick output file containing key raw data is written to the "dat" sub-directory. The first line is column labels.

These .csv output files are named using the same base name as the initial state file described above. This file may likewise be renamed to better indicate the nature of the experiment.

This allows the user to employ his own software to further analyze and display the data. Examples: Plots over time (Ticks) may be done. The "OutBits" column is the Tick series used to compute the spectrum in HotSpot (left histogram in Fig. 1) and may be used as input to other spectrum analysis programs.

HotSpot allows one to start with a particular initial state, and then vary control parameters. For example, one might turn off some of the bit operations (the "Mech" bitmask) as shown in the Help screen. Another example is the "Box" option.

Studies thus far have indicated that "excess energy" tends to be "radiated" in the form of bits leaving the simulated volume of space[2]. Let's assume one wants to "inject" those lost bits back into the space, which would tend to keep the bit density fairly constant. This is the "Box" option. On a later Tick, bits exiting the space are injected back in via the nearest counter-current site from the exit site of each bit. One might do this as follows.

The first display is Tick 0 showing the initial state before anything has been done. When the screen starts printing this display, press the "b" key immediately to change to "Box" mode, which will be shown in the upper-right "opt" option entry. In this mode the bit density will remain more or less constant. This "bits-in-a-box" mode may be relevant to studies of "higher energy" or "higher temperature" events. A typical result is an increased incidence of bits in antimatter spots (e+R, dbL, dwL, drL), exactly as one might predict.

The Default Experiment
1. Perhaps the most important feature of the results shown in Fig. 1 is much better spatial symmetry due to the change in the order of bit operations. This experiment begins with a randomized bit distribution which may contain "momentum" configurations. In this context, one would not expect perfect symmetry. However, if one repeats many runs with new random initial states, there is still a tendency for bit motion to distribute bits symmetrically.

2. This version still has some asymmetry at border spots, on the edge of the simulated space, but perhaps less than that seen in the previous versions. One work-around is to use spaces with DIM greater than 32. For example, if DIM is set to 48, then the program will display the center 32x32x32 spots in the 48x48x48 simulated cube, placing the border spots some 8 spots away from the displayed image. Likewise, the Density histogram on the right would span this 32x32x32 sub-space. However, the data summaries at the right would still include all the DIM=48 spots in the present HotSpot version.

3. The results shown replicate the prior finding [2] that the incidence of matter far exceeds that of antimatter in the bit density range used which started with 0.194 per spatial volume -- a trend seen as the randomized bits begin to "reorganize" themselves even in the first few ticks.

4. If a particular random initial state results in excess net charge counts (Q above), the usual result is that this net charge trends toward zero net charge over time, if excess bits exit the space (Box mode OFF), consistent with well-known physics.

The next article will examine in detail the central bit cycle that occurs in baryons such as protons and neutrons, shown in purple in Fig. 3 in [3].

[1] Keene, J. J. "Binary mechanics" J. Bin. Mech. July, 2010.
[2] Keene, J. J. "Binary mechanics simulation software" J. Bin. Mech. February, 2011.
[3] Keene, J. J. "Binary mechanics electron, positron and proton" J. Bin. Mech. July, 2010.
© 2011 James J Keene