**Fig. 1: Spectrum of 40x40x40 Spot Space (Ticks per bar = 13)**

by James J Keene PhD

Journal of Binary Mechanics, 21st century physics with quantized space and time

## Monday, June 20, 2011

### Blackbody and Hydrogen Spectrums from Binary Mechanical Postulates?

Possible blackbody and hydrogen spectrums produced by binary mechanical (BM) postulates [1] as evolved over time with simulation software [2] and a new spectrum analysis program are presented. Examples of these spectrums (e.g., Fig. 1) may have implications for (1) length conversion functions between BM and observational spaces [3] [4] (2) correct BM bit operations order for time-development of BM system states [5] and (3) calibration of temperature in degrees Kelvin in terms of average single mite bit motion due to electromagnetic (EM) forces [6] [7].

## Saturday, June 11, 2011

### Solved Physics Mysteries

Updated: June 26, 2011

Binary mechanics (BM) [1] is a theory of everything based on simple postulates in which the universe is implemented with a single fundamental object called the

An interesting Wikipedia article titled "List of Unsolved Problems in Physics" [2] provides an opportunity to take stock of the development of the theory of BM to date. Hence, this article will follow the general outline of the Wikipedia article with several objectives -- (1) provide hopefully helpful commentary for students of BM, (2) suggest where unsolved problems may be successfully addressed by the theory of BM and its software simulation technology [3], and (3) tabulate as solved those items where BM may have already adequately addressed, in whole or part, particular unsolved problems.

Binary mechanics (BM) [1] is a theory of everything based on simple postulates in which the universe is implemented with a single fundamental object called the

**spot unit**consisting of two binary bits. Based on position parities in BM space (Table 1 in [1]), these two bits determine, among other things, electric and color charges for leptons and quarks (the**mite**bit) and direction of bit motion (the**lite**bit) according to four fundamental bit operations which define exact time-development of BM states (1-state bit distributions).An interesting Wikipedia article titled "List of Unsolved Problems in Physics" [2] provides an opportunity to take stock of the development of the theory of BM to date. Hence, this article will follow the general outline of the Wikipedia article with several objectives -- (1) provide hopefully helpful commentary for students of BM, (2) suggest where unsolved problems may be successfully addressed by the theory of BM and its software simulation technology [3], and (3) tabulate as solved those items where BM may have already adequately addressed, in whole or part, particular unsolved problems.

Labels:
antimatter,
dark matter,
density,
Dirac,
Einstein,
electron,
General Relativity,
gravity,
Higgs boson,
potential,
predictions,
proton,
quantum mechanics,
quarks,
Special Relativity,
spot unit,
Standard Model,
vacuum

## Friday, June 10, 2011

### Fine-Structure Constant Alpha

Length conversion functions mapping distance measurements in binary mechanics (BM) [1] to experimental length measurements [2] may contain the fine-structure constant α. If so, this constant may be more fundamental than previously thought. For example, α is a coupling constant for strength of electromagnetic (EM) effects and a key component of the Rydberg constant R

_{∞}crucial in explaining spectrums of EM radiation emitted from material such as hydrogen. On the other hand, if α appears in the proposed length conversion functions, then α is fundamental to all physical phenomena, not just EM effects, because experimental length measurements in study of any physical phenomenon could be mapped from corresponding lengths in BM space containing the underlying mechanisms for the studied phenomenon.## Friday, June 3, 2011

### Fundamental Physics Constants

Binary mechanics (BM) [1] raises challenging questions about a number of physical constants. A major question concerns the number of constants, namely that there seem to be too many apparently fundamental constants in physics, given the apparent simplicity of BM. For example, 1-state bit motion due to the four fundamental bit operations which define time-development of BM states does not explicitly require constants such as vacuum permittivity or permeability for this bit flux. Indeed, the need for such constants other than one may be viewed as an indication of the degree to which physical theories that require them are not fundamental.

This report presents functions to scale physical measurements of length to BM fundamental distance units and inversely, to project distance measurements in BM space to experimental measurements in meters. In a possible milestone for the theory of BM,

d = f

with d and d' in meters, t and t' in seconds, where d' and t' are experimental measurements and d and t are multiples of BM length

This report presents functions to scale physical measurements of length to BM fundamental distance units and inversely, to project distance measurements in BM space to experimental measurements in meters. In a possible milestone for the theory of BM,

**these scaling and inverse projection functions may absorb no less than two fundamental physical constants**.**Space-Time Calibration.**The present working hypothesis is that**some physical constants pertain to the scaling or calibration between space-time as reckoned in experiment and in BM**. The BM length unit*d*and time unit for a single tick*t*may be expressed as functionsd = f

_{length}(d'); t = f_{time}(t') [Eqs. 1]with d and d' in meters, t and t' in seconds, where d' and t' are experimental measurements and d and t are multiples of BM length

*d*and time*t*units respectively.
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