Updated: April 22, 2011

An **absolute vacuum** in binary mechanics (BM) [1] is a volume with all bits in the zero state, whereas the conventionally defined perfect vacuum only requires the absence of particles such as ions or atoms. A recent report simulated the 84 tick central baryon bit cycle by introducing a single bit in the one state in an absolute vacuum [2]. Thus, the existence of elementary particles thought to consist of two or more bits in each of one or more spots [3] (e.g., the one-spot electron [4]) in an otherwise near absolute vacuum is consistent with the basic laws of BM.

The present study added bits to the vacuum in perturbation steps. Results suggest key thresholds for physical processes, such as absorption, emission, lepton formation and baryon formation. A step toward calibration of BM absolute maximum temperature in degrees Kelvin is discussed.
Temperature-dependence of power and wavelength of bit emission from a simulated cube of binary mechanical (BM) [1] space is presented in this exploratory, pilot study. Results suggest (1) at least five bit density ranges from zero to maximum bit density showing markedly different slopes of emission power versus temperature and (2) at least four different bit density ranges defined by wavelength at which peak power is observed. These striking quantitative differences among bit density ranges may correspond to qualitatively distinct states such as solid, liquid, gas, plasma and perhaps more.
Updated: Oct 26, 2014

In binary mechanics (BM) [1], unconditional, scalar, vector and strong bit operations determine the exact time development of the bit distribution (e.g., Eq. 1 in [2]). Unconditional, scalar and vector operations each define bit motion *within* one of three spatial dimensions. In contrast to these intra-dimensional operations, the inter-dimensional strong operation defines bit motion *between* spatial dimensions. This note discusses the strong bit operation and how it may be modified by a BM quantity called **inertia**.

**Fig. 1: Strong Bit Operation**

Legend: blue, bit in zero state; black, bit in one state.
A possible binary mechanical (BM) [1] basis for superconductivity at low temperatures is presented.

**Methods**

The present data was obtained from the output .csv file of the BM simulator, using procedures described previously for a 48x48x48 spot cube simulation [2] [3]. Per a kinetic motion concept, temperature was operationally defined as the sum of bit motion per Tick due to either scalar (S) or vector (V) potentials. The proportion of bits in electron spots was the ratio of the bits in electron spots (e-L column in output file) to the total bits (Total column).

**Results**

**Fig. 1: Proportion of bits in electron spots vs temperature**

Updated: April 19, 2011

Binary mechanics (BM)[1] predicted an absolute maximum temperature which would be found below maximum energy density defined as maximum bit density [2]. A pilot study supported this hypothesis [3]. The present report replicates and polishes these results using a different method. Instead of starting with maximum bit density as in the pilot study, the present report started with a near-zero bit density, slowly adding bits randomly in small perturbation increments in each BM simulator Tick.
Updated: Oct 26, 2014

This note summarizes recent revisions in bit operations in binary mechanics (BM) [1] for the electromagnetic (EM) forces. Scalar and vector potentials are defined which may in turn result in bit motion.

**Fig. 1: Scalar Force in Concurrent Spot Units**

Updated: April 19, 2011

Binary mechanics (BM) [1] has predicted [2] that increased temperature is correlated with BM bit density over a wide range and a definite physical limitation on how high temperature could rise. In short, **maximum possible temperature** was predicted. A further speculation was that **maximum possible temperature is attained ***below* maximum bit density at which one might imagine that particle motion is less than the maximum possible, per considerations similar to those applicable in classical statistical mechanics. The present pilot study confirms these predictions based on data obtained with BM simulation software [3].
As implications of the assumptions or postulates of binary mechanics (BM)[1] are explored [2] [3] [4], priority tasks include **determination of fundamental constants** such as the BM distance unit *d* in meters and time (tick) unit *t* in seconds, **derivation of other fundamental values** such as the proton-electron rest mass ratio and generally, **experimental verification** that BM postulates and bit operations are both consistent with well-known physical observations (e.g., extremely long life-time of protons and electrons) and indeed provide very low level explanations of these phenomena. This article discusses some issues which may be relevant to successful completion of these goals including a number of BM predictions which may make or break BM as a physical theory.
**Binary mechanics (BM)[1] simulation software [2] is used to describe the central baryon bit cycle, shown in purple in Fig. 3 of [3]**. The right-handed quark spots (drR, dgR and dbR) each have three spot units which define their extent of spatial influence. That is, the location of a bit in these cycles can create or modify scalar, vector or strong potentials, which in turn can modify the respective bit operations at those locations in quantized BM space.

All three right-handed quarks participate in the central baryon bit cycle, which suggests that its complete detail is a good place to start to understand the properties of baryons such as protons and neutrons. The present description is based on a specific interpretation of BM space, which is composed of spot units assembled into spots which further combine in an array of spot cubes [4].
Updated: May 24, 2011

**A new version of the binary mechanics (BM)[1] simulation software -- HotSpot 1.26 -- has been released and is available as a free download here.** New features will be summarized, along with comments on data shown in this screen-shot:**Fig. 1: 40x40x40 Default Experiment**